International hiring solutions

Hiring in Somalia

Compliantly hire and pay employees in Somalia. 

No in-country entity needed.

Hiring in Somalia presents a distinctive set of challenges and opportunities that demand a deep understanding of the local job market dynamics. This war-torn nation, located in the Horn of Africa, has been on a journey of recovery and reconstruction, making it essential for global organizations to grasp the intricacies of its employment landscape. 

Despite the challenges, Somalia offers untapped potential, particularly in industries such as agriculture, telecommunications, and humanitarian aid. To navigate this environment successfully, it is crucial for international organizations to recognize the unique aspects of Somalia’s job market and adapt their hiring strategies accordingly.

Common challenges when recruiting in Somalia

Hiring in Somalia can be a complex endeavor due to the country’s unique socio-economic and political landscape. Here, we address some common challenges that organizations may encounter when recruiting talent and offer practical solutions while highlighting how Breedj’s services can facilitate compliant hiring.

Security concerns: Somalia has faced years of conflict and instability, resulting in security challenges that can make hiring and employee retention difficult. Employ security protocols to ensure the safety of your employees, such as working closely with local authorities and using secure facilities.

Limited infrastructure: Basic infrastructure, including reliable electricity and internet connectivity, is often lacking in many parts of the country, affecting remote work and business operations. Explore opportunities to invest in infrastructure development, which can not only support your operations but also benefit local communities.

Legal and regulatory complexities: Navigating Somalia’s legal and regulatory framework can be challenging, especially for international organizations unfamiliar with local laws. Partner with local legal experts who understand the intricacies of Somalia’s laws and regulations. This is where Breedj’s services can be invaluable.

Breedj specializes in navigating complex regulatory environments like Somalia. Our range of services includes legal compliance, sourcing local talent, and offering insights into local employment customs and practices. With our expertise, your organization can hire compliantly, mitigate risks, and make a positive impact on Somalia’s burgeoning job market. By partnering with Breedj, you can contribute to the country’s reconstruction while achieving your hiring goals.

Somalia's workforce profile

Somalia’s workforce presents a unique set of characteristics shaped by the country’s history and ongoing challenges. Understanding these factors is crucial for international organizations looking to hire in the region.

Education levels: Somalia’s education system has been severely affected by decades of conflict and instability. While there are efforts to rebuild educational institutions, the workforce often exhibits varying levels of formal education. International organizations should consider the need for capacity building and training programs to align skills with job requirements.

Language skills: Somali is the primary language spoken in the country, and proficiency in Somali is essential for effective communication with the local workforce. However, English and Arabic are also widely spoken and can be beneficial for international organizations operating in Somalia. Multilingual communication strategies can enhance hiring outcomes.

Specialization: Somalia’s labor force consists of a diverse range of skills and expertise, from agriculture and livestock farming to telecommunications and logistics. Recognizing the specialized skills available in different regions of Somalia can help organizations make informed decisions about where to establish operations.

Impact on hiring decisions: The demographic profile of Somalia’s workforce impacts hiring in several ways. International organizations should:

  • Invest in training: Develop training programs that address the specific skill gaps within the workforce to ensure employees are equipped for their roles.
  • Language considerations: Evaluate language proficiency requirements for different positions and consider language diversity when building cross-functional teams.
  • Local expertise: Leverage local expertise when hiring for specialized roles, as Somalis often have a deep understanding of their own communities and markets.


Understanding Somalia’s unique workforce profile enables organizations to make informed hiring decisions, contribute to local capacity building, and create meaningful employment opportunities in a region striving for stability and growth.

Country fact sheet


Somali shilling (SOS)




16.3 million (2021)


East Africa



Official languages

Somalian, Arabic

Compliance guaranteed

Breedj's local employment expertise in Somalia

By partnering with Breedj, you can eliminate the need to establish an in-country entity, and thus, saving valuable time and resources while benefiting from our local expertise to guarantee full compliance for your business operations.

Our platform has been designed to seamlessly take care of every aspect of the local employment environment, while you focus on your core operations.

Employment contracts

We handle employment contracts for both global employees and contractors.

Guaranteed compliance

Breedj ensures full compliance with your workers' local labor laws.

Global payroll

Our platform ensures accurate and timely international salary payments.

Legal expertise

Leverage Breedj's extensive expertise to navigate diverse employment laws.

Tax & contributions

Breedj handles tax & mandatory contributions as required by local labor laws.

Multiple currencies

Your workers are paid in their local currency, directly to their bank account.

Public holidays in Somalia

Understanding public holidays in Somalia is crucial for businesses and organizations operating in the country. Here is a list of official public holidays that employers should be aware of when hiring in Somalia:

  • New Year’s Day: January 1st 
  • Labour Day: May 1st 
  • Independence Day: July 1st 
  • Eid al-Fitr: Date varies (based on the Islamic lunar calendar) 
  • Eid al-Adha: Date varies (based on the Islamic lunar calendar) 
  • Mawlid al-Nabi (Prophet Muhammad’s Birthday): Date varies (based on the Islamic lunar calendar) 
  • Independence Day of Somaliland: May 18th 
  • Ashura: Date varies (based on the Islamic lunar calendar)
  • Islamic New Year (Hijri New Year): Date varies (based on the Islamic lunar calendar)
  • Somaliland National Day: June 26th  


It’s important to note that Somalia follows the Islamic lunar calendar for some holidays, which means that the dates vary from year to year based on the sighting of the moon. Additionally, the observance of some holidays, especially those specific to regions like Somaliland, may vary within different parts of the country.

Employers should consider these holidays when planning their operations, work schedules, and employee leave policies in Somalia. Being mindful of these cultural and religious observances can contribute to a harmonious work environment and better labor relations.

Labor regulations

Annual leave

21 days

Sick leave


Maternity leave

14 weeks

Paternity leave


Employee probation

Up to 3 months

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Somalia labor market trends

The labor market in Somalia is characterized by unique challenges and opportunities, largely influenced by its complex socio-economic and political landscape. Here are some insights into current labor market trends in Somalia:

Agriculture dominates: Agriculture remains the backbone of Somalia’s economy, employing a significant portion of the population. The sector primarily focuses on livestock, crops, and fishing. As such, there is a consistent demand for agricultural workers and related expertise.

Humanitarian and development sectors: Due to ongoing humanitarian crises and reconstruction efforts, the humanitarian and development sectors have a notable presence in Somalia. Organizations operating in these sectors often require skilled professionals in fields such as healthcare, education, infrastructure development, and project management.

Youth unemployment: Somalia has a youthful population, and youth unemployment is a pressing issue. Addressing this challenge requires initiatives aimed at skill development, vocational training, and entrepreneurship opportunities to harness the potential of the youth.

Informal economy: The informal economy plays a substantial role in Somalia, offering employment opportunities in areas like small businesses, trade, and services. It’s important to note that the informal sector often operates outside formal labor regulations.

Security concerns: Security remains a critical factor affecting the labor market. Certain regions face security challenges that can disrupt economic activities and workforce mobility. Organizations operating in Somalia need to assess security risks and implement measures to protect their employees.

Diaspora engagement: Somalia’s diaspora community plays a significant role in contributing to the labor market. Many Somalis living abroad invest in businesses and participate in development projects, creating job opportunities.

Telecommunications and technology: The telecommunications and technology sectors are witnessing growth, offering opportunities for IT professionals, engineers, and entrepreneurs. Mobile money services, in particular, have become integral to the economy.

Oil and gas potential: Somalia has untapped oil and gas reserves, and exploration activities are ongoing. If these industries develop, they could significantly impact the labor market, creating demand for various technical and managerial roles.

Understanding the unique dynamics of Somalia’s labor market, including its reliance on agriculture, the importance of the humanitarian sector, and the challenges posed by youth unemployment and security concerns, is crucial for organizations seeking to operate in the region. Navigating these trends effectively requires adaptability, local partnerships, and a commitment to addressing the specific needs and opportunities within Somalia’s workforce.

Breedj's platform

Current coverage

54 countries

Focus region


Salary payments

Supports multiple currencies

Time to market

Onboard workers in less than 24 hours

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What they say about Breedj

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Global expansion simplified

Confidently expand to Somalia

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Cost effective

Drastically reduce administrative and overhead costs related to managing global employees.

100% compliant

Stay up to date with the ever changing global legislations, policies and local labor laws.

Peace of mind

Get direct access to our global employment experts to mitigate legal risks and penalties.

Fast-track market entry

Bypass the complexities associated with establishing a branch office or in-country.

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