International hiring solutions

Hiring in Madagascar

Compliantly hire and pay employees in Madagascar. 

No in-country entity needed.

Hiring in Madagascar presents a unique set of opportunities and challenges for global organizations. The island nation, located off the southeastern coast of Africa, boasts a diverse culture, rich biodiversity, and a workforce with distinctive characteristics. Understanding Madagascar’s job market is essential for global organizations looking to expand their operations in this region.

Madagascar’s job market is shaped by factors such as its historical ties to France, a blend of various ethnicities and languages, and its rich natural resources, including agriculture, tourism, and mining. To thrive in this dynamic environment, businesses need insights into the local workforce, hiring challenges, and opportunities for growth.

Common challenges when recruiting in Madagascar

Hiring in Madagascar, like in many diverse and unique markets, comes with its own set of challenges. Understanding these challenges and having effective solutions in place is crucial for global organizations looking to establish a strong presence on the island. Below, we address some common hiring challenges and offer practical solutions along with how Breedj’s services can assist in overcoming these obstacles.

Language and cultural diversity: Madagascar is home to numerous ethnic groups, each with its own language and cultural nuances. This diversity can create communication and cultural understanding challenges during the hiring process. Partner with local experts who understand the cultural context and can bridge language gaps. Implement cross-cultural training to ensure effective communication and integration of diverse talent.

Limited access to skilled talent: Madagascar’s educational system faces challenges, which can result in a shortage of highly skilled professionals in certain sectors. Invest in workforce development programs to upskill local talent. Collaborate with local universities and training institutions to tailor programs to industry needs.

Complex employment regulations: Navigating Madagascar’s employment regulations can be complex and time-consuming for foreign organizations. Leverage Breedj’s services to ensure compliance with local labor laws. They provide expertise in local employment regulations, making the hiring process smoother and more legally sound.

Infrastructure and connectivity: Limited infrastructure and connectivity in some areas of Madagascar can impact remote work and communication. Utilize technology to bridge connectivity gaps and explore flexible work arrangements. Invest in infrastructure development in key operational areas.

Competition for talent: The demand for skilled professionals in certain sectors can result in fierce competition for top talent. Offer competitive compensation packages, create an attractive company culture, and invest in employee development to retain and attract top talent.

Breedj’s range of services can be invaluable in overcoming these challenges. They provide expert knowledge of local regulations, access to a network of skilled professionals, and guidance on cultural and linguistic nuances. By partnering with Breedj, global organizations can navigate Madagascar’s hiring landscape with confidence, ensuring compliance and successful talent acquisition.

Madagascar's workforce profile

Madagascar’s workforce is characterized by its diversity, encompassing a wide range of demographics, education levels, language skills, and specialization. Understanding these factors is crucial for international organizations aiming to make informed hiring decisions on the island.

Education levels: Madagascar’s e ducational system faces challenges in terms of access and quality, leading to disparities in education levels. While there is a pool of highly educated individuals, particularly in urban areas, there is also a significant portion of the population with limited access to formal education. International organizations should consider this variation when assessing talent.

Language skills: The country’s linguistic diversity is reflected in its workforce. Malagasy is the official language, but French is also widely spoken, especially in business and government. English proficiency is on the rise, primarily among the younger generation. Hiring decisions should take into account the language skills required for specific roles and markets.

Specialization: Madagascar’s workforce spans various sectors, including agriculture, tourism, technology, and manufacturing. Agriculture remains a significant employer, with a large portion of the population engaged in subsistence farming. International organizations should assess the availability of specialized skills and the alignment of the local workforce with their industry needs.

These factors can impact hiring decisions in several ways:

Talent sourcing: Understanding the education and specialization of the local workforce helps organizations identify suitable candidates for specific roles.

Language requirements: Depending on the role and target market, organizations may need to prioritize candidates with specific language skills.

Workforce development: Investing in workforce development and training programs can help bridge skill gaps and contribute to talent retention.

Localization: Adapting products, services, and marketing strategies to the local context, including language and culture, is crucial for international organizations looking to succeed in Madagascar.

By considering Madagascar’s workforce profile, international organizations can tailor their hiring strategies to make the most of the available talent while contributing to the country’s economic development and job creation.

Country fact sheet


Malagasy ariary (MGA)




28 million (2021)


East Africa


GMT +3

Official languages

Malagasy and French

Compliance guaranteed

Breedj's local employment expertise in Madagascar

By partnering with Breedj, you can eliminate the need to establish an in-country entity, and thus, saving valuable time and resources while benefiting from our local expertise to guarantee full compliance for your business operations.

Our platform has been designed to seamlessly take care of every aspect of the local employment environment, while you focus on your core operations.

Employment contracts

We handle employment contracts for both global employees and contractors.

Guaranteed compliance

Breedj ensures full compliance with your workers' local labor laws.

Global payroll

Our platform ensures accurate and timely international salary payments.

Legal expertise

Leverage Breedj's extensive expertise to navigate diverse employment laws.

Tax & contributions

Breedj handles tax & mandatory contributions as required by local labor laws.

Multiple currencies

Your workers are paid in their local currency, directly to their bank account.

Public holidays in Madagascar

Understanding the public holidays in Madagascar is essential for businesses operating in the country. These holidays can impact work schedules, business operations, and hiring processes. Here is a list of official public holidays in Madagascar, including their names and dates:

  • New Year’s Day (Jour de l’An) – January 1st
  • Labour Day (Fête du Travail) – May 1st
  • Independence Day (Fête de l’Indépendance) – June 26th
  • Assumption of Mary (Assomption de Marie) – August 15th
  • All Saints’ Day (Tous les Saints) – November 1st
  • All Souls’ Day (Tous les Morts) – November 2nd
  • Christmas Day (Noël) – December 25th
  • Boxing Day (Deuxième jour de Noël) – December 26th


In addition to these national holidays, Madagascar also observes regional and cultural festivals, which may vary by region and community. These festivals can be significant in specific areas and may affect local business operations and workforce availability.

It’s important for businesses to be aware of these public holidays and plan accordingly, as some businesses may close, and employees may have time off during these dates.

When hiring, organizations should consider holiday schedules and potential impacts on recruitment processes and work timelines. Additionally, understanding and respecting local holidays can contribute to positive relationships with employees and the community.

Madagascar’s rich cultural heritage and diverse population make it a unique and vibrant country with a blend of traditions and celebrations, and being mindful of these holidays is an integral part of operating successfully in the country.

Labor regulations

Annual leave

30 days

Sick leave

Up to 6 months

Maternity leave

14 weeks

Paternity leave

10 days

Employee probation

Up to 6 months

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Madagascar labor market trends

Madagascar’s labor market is evolving in response to various economic, demographic, and global factors. Understanding these trends is crucial for businesses seeking to operate and hire effectively in the country.

Economic growth and diversification: Madagascar has experienced steady economic growth in recent years, driven by sectors such as agriculture, tourism, and mining. As the economy diversifies, there is growing demand for a skilled and adaptable workforce, particularly in areas like technology, finance, and hospitality.

Youthful workforce: Madagascar has a youthful population, with a significant percentage under the age of 25. This demographic trend presents both opportunities and challenges. On one hand, it provides a source of energetic and potentially innovative talent. On the other hand, it emphasizes the need for quality education and job opportunities to harness this demographic dividend effectively.

Rural-urban migration: Many young Madagascans migrate from rural areas to urban centers in search of better employment opportunities. This migration contributes to urbanization and creates a pool of labor for businesses in cities. It also underscores the importance of considering rural development and inclusive growth strategies.

Language skills: French and Malagasy are the official languages of Madagascar. Proficiency in French is often required for positions in business and government. However, English is becoming increasingly important, especially in industries like tourism and international trade.

Sustainable practices: Madagascar’s unique biodiversity and rich natural resources have led to a growing focus on sustainable industries such as ecotourism and environmentally-friendly agriculture. Businesses involved in these sectors should look for talent with expertise in sustainability and conservation.

Challenges in infrastructure: While Madagascar is progressing economically, infrastructure challenges persist, particularly in transportation and energy. Businesses operating in remote areas may face difficulties in accessing talent and resources.

Government initiatives: The government has initiated programs to improve the business environment and attract foreign investment. These efforts include reforms to streamline business registration and investment procedures.

Madagascar’s labor market is characterized by economic growth, a youthful population, and a focus on sustainable practices. Businesses should adapt to the evolving workforce by investing in education and training to meet the demands of emerging industries. Understanding the linguistic and demographic landscape is crucial for successful talent acquisition and business operations in Madagascar.

Breedj's platform

Current coverage

54 countries

Focus region


Salary payments

Supports multiple currencies

Time to market

Onboard workers in less than 24 hours

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Confidently expand to Madagascar

Breedj stands out as the preferred global employment solutions provider for several reasons, offering organizations a competitive edge with a range of scalable global employment solutions.

Cost effective

Drastically reduce administrative and overhead costs related to managing global employees.

100% compliant

Stay up to date with the ever changing global legislations, policies and local labor laws.

Peace of mind

Get direct access to our global employment experts to mitigate legal risks and penalties.

Fast-track market entry

Bypass the complexities associated with establishing a branch office or in-country.

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